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Thursday, March 30, 2017

Building on the Cornies Estate in Ohrloff

Katharina Petker provided the following image taken by her aunt while she was in Ohrloff.  In 1975, this building still stood apart from a war-damaged corner of the upper floor.


Katharina writes:

Deutsch:
Dieses Foto habe ich von meiner Cousine aus Russland, mit ihrer freundlichen Genehmigung sende ich es an die Cornies Webseite. Das Gebäude auf dem Hof Cornies in Ohrloff, Wirtschaft N 4. Hier war das Büro J. Cornies, Archiv und Bibliothek. Von hier wurde 1929 das Archiv mit 3 Fuhren weggebracht. Meine Tante Elisabeth Töws erinnerte sich, dass somit nur ein Teil des Archives weggebracht wurde, das Übrige wurde verbrannt als antisowjetisch.

русский:
Это фото передано мне двоюродной сестрой из России, с её дружелюбного позволения помещаю его здесь. Двухэтажное здание архива и библиотеки в селе Орлово Молочанского района, на территории хозяйства № 4. (см карту села Орлово) Первоначально это было бюро Ивана Корниса. Отсюда в 1929 году вывезли архив на трёх повозках. В дом вошли люди и потребовали, чтобы хозяйка расстелила на полу две простыни. На них побросали книги и бумаги, брали за углы и выносили к повозкам. Таким образом вывезли только часть архива, остальное сожгли как антисоветское. Это рассказывали наши тёти, жившие по соседству. 

English:
I obtained this photo from my cousin in Russia and with her kind permission am sending it on to the Cornies website. The building on the Cornies yard, farm N 4. It contained the office of J. Cornies, an archive and a library. It was from here in 1929 that the archive was taken away with 3 wagons. My Aunt Elisabeth Toews remembered that only a portion of the archive was taken away, the remainder was burned as being antisoviet. 

Friday, January 27, 2017

An Account of the Murder of Johann Cornies V

Katharina Petker has provided information on the murder in 1919 of Johann Cornies V and his two friends, Peter Unruh and Cornelius Janzen. Her Information sources are the website of Margarita Dick and Janzen family recollections. Margarita Dick is the grandniece of Johann Cornies V, and Katharina Petker is the grandniece of Cornelius Janzen.

Deutsch:

Aus der Webseite von Margarita Dick, Großnichte von Johann Cornies V :

Während der Revolution wurde dieser junge Mann (Johann Cornies V) grob von den Banditen ermordet (1919). Er war der letzte männliche Nachkomme von Johann Cornies (1789-1848). Aus dem Lebensbericht von Anna Dick (geb. Unruh), Ehefrau von Franz Dick ( Bruder meines Großvaters)), ihr Bruder Peter wurde zusammen mit Johann Cornies ermordet: 

"wurden sie von einer betrunkenen Bande im Versteck überfallen, entkleidet, aufs Feld geführt, da mit Säbeln getötet. Einer von dieser Gruppe ........... , der uns später alles mündlich erzählte. Derselbe hat sehr viel durchgemacht und oft gewünscht er lege mit seinen Kameraden im Grabe. Mit Peter war Hans Cornies und unser Nachbar Cor. Janzen ermordet. Ein russischer Bürger fand sie auf dem Felde liegen und begrub sie. Auf Umwegen bekamen wir diese schreckliche Nachricht zu hören. Und wir fragten uns "O Gott warum liest du dieses Schreckliche passieren?" Wie unsäglich schwer war es als die Särge bei uns im Nebenhaus auf dem Hof gemacht wurden und dann die Ohrloffer Jungmannschaft die 3 Särge aufluden um die Leichen zu holen. Inzwischen war es den Weißen wieder gelungen unsere Gegend einzunehmen. Die Leichen wurden gefunden und nach Hause gebracht. Wir haben sie nicht gesehen, da sie schon 6 Wochen in der Erde gelegen. Alle 3 Särge standen auf unserem Kirchenhof in Ohrloff und in der Kirche war das traurigste Begräbnis, das ich je miterlebt habe. Peter und Hans Cornies wurden zusammen in einem Grab gesenkt“.

Erinnerungen der Janzen Familie von Katharina Petker, Großnichte von Cornelius Janzen:

Dieser „Nachbar Cor. Janzen“ war der Bruder meiner Großmutter. Er ist auf dem Foto im Post von 4 Dez 2015 wo die Gutsbesitzer aus Ohrloff gesammelt sind. Im Post von 20 Mai 2015 gibt es auch ein gutes Foto von ihm, „Kornelius Janzen, 1893-1919“. Die Geschichte seiner Ermordung ist in unserer Verwandtschaft bekannt. Großmutter sagte, dass er eine Mütze anhatte, an welcher er von der Innenseite die ersten Buchstaben seines Namens mit Chlor ausgebleicht hatte, also "K.J.". Vielleicht ist das dieselbe Mütze, mit der er auf dem Foto von Ohrloffer Gutsbesitzer ist, er sitzt rechts auf der untersten Stufe. An dieser Mütze sollten sie damals erkannt haben, dass es genau diese Männer sind – als sie gefunden wurden. Kurz darauf wurde auch sein Vater, Kornelius Kornelius Janzen 1869-1919, umgebracht. Er ist auch im Gutbesitzer Foto  und im Porträt „Kornelius Kornelius Janzen, 1869-1919“. Die Banditen kamen auf den Hof, schlugen den Mann sehr und nach russischem Brauch, wurde er nach seinem letzten Wunsch gefragt. Er wollte beten. Während des Gebets haben 10 Mann auf ihn geschossen. Die ganze Familie wurde aufgefordert, zuzusehen.


English:

From the website of Margarita Dick, grandniece of Johann Cornies V:

During the Revolution this young man (Johann Cornies V) was brutally murdered (1919) by the bandits. He was the last male descendant of Johann Cornies (1789-1848).  From the life story of Anna Dick (born Unruh), wife of Franz Dick (brother of my grandfather), her brother Peter was murdered together with Johann Cornies:

"they were attacked by a drunken band in hiding, stripped, taken into the field and there killed with sabres. One of this group ............., personally told us everything later. That same person has endured a great deal and often wished that he were lying in the grave with his companions. Murdered with Peter were Hans Cornies and our neighbour Cor. Janzen. A Russian found them lying in the field and buried them. We heard this terrible news indirectly. And we asked ourselves, "O God why did you allow this atrocity to happen?" How unspeakably difficult it was when the caskets in our adjoining outbuilding were taken into the yard and then the young men of Ohrloff loaded the 3 caskets in order to get the bodies. In the interim, the Whites had again succeeded in capturing our district. The bodies were found and brought home. We did not see them as they had already been lying in the ground for 6 weeks. All 3 caskets stood in our churchyard in Ohrloff and in the church was the saddest funeral that I have ever experienced. Peter and Hans Cornies were lowered together into one grave."

Recollections of the Janzen family by Katharina Petker, grandniece of Cornelius Janzen:

This "neighbour Cor. Janzen" was the brother of my grandmother. He is identified in the photograph of the assembled Ohrloff landowners in the post of 4 Dec 2015 . A good picture of him is given in the post of 20 May 2015, "Kornelius Janzen, 1893-1919".  The story of his murder is familiar to our family and relatives. Grandmother said that he was wearing a cap on the inside of which he had bleached the first letters of his name i.e., "K.J.". Perhaps it is the same cap he is wearing in the photo of Ohrloff landowners; he is sitting on the lowest step at the right. When the victims were found, the cap enabled reliable confirmation that they were the missing men. Shortly thereafter, his father, Kornelius Kornelius Janzen, 1869-1919, was also killed. He is also in the photo of landowners and in the portrait "Kornelius Kornelius Janzen, 1869-1919". The bandits came onto the yard, beat the man severely and in keeping with Russian custom asked what his last wish was. He wanted to pray. During his prayer, 10 men shot him. The whole family was ordered outside to watch.

Thursday, January 26, 2017

Heinrich Cornies (1870-1944)

Johann Cornies provided this image from the archives of Heinrich Cornies (1870-1944).  Perhaps others can identify the people in this image.


Thursday, November 3, 2016

David Cornies (1794 - 1873) Gravestone

Margarita Dick photographed this gravestone in Ohrloff in 2016...


Wednesday, October 12, 2016

The Eviction of Peter Cornies, Molotschna 1929

Information provided through Jerry Dick follows...

English:

The Toews family in Ohrloff were neighbours of Peter Cornies. A significant event involving this Cornies family was documented by Susan Toews in three letters to her brother, Gerhard, in Canada.

Note: As stated in a previous post, portions of Susan's many letters were later translated, edited and compiled by historian John B. Toews and published in 1988 by Bethel College, North Newton, Kansas. The book is titled "Letters from Susan" and is available On-line, see,

 http://mla.bethelks.edu/books/wedel_series/letters_from_susan.pdf

The details of this event were kept alive in the oral history of the Toews family and passed down from generation to generation, finally to Susan's grandnieces, Katharina Petker and Antonina Lammert. Katharina has provided the following summary.

In a letter on May 21st, 1929, Susan wrote,

"A lot has happened here during the last several weeks, but none of it is happy. On Good Friday towards evening just after we had mailed the last letter, the Peter Cornies family received notification that they were to be gone from their house and yard within five days. In a word, they were evicted. A large auction was held on the last day of the Easter holiday; they sold everything and did very well. Then, on a later day, they left for Memrik.

The ladies in the chancellery are also supposed to be gone soon. A lot of fuss has been created over the furniture that they have in the second story. The common folks say that they are the Cornies' things, so the upper story and all the living quarters have been sealed."

Then on June 11th, 1929, Susan wrote again,

"Yesterday, three wagon teams took the Cornies archive to Halbstadt."

Loss of these irreplaceable records was a tragedy for the entire Ohrloff community and details of their confiscation were recounted in the Toews family for decades. Katharina has recorded the story of what happened as told to the descendants, which is the following.

"A few people came in and said to the housewife that she must spread two bedsheets on the floor. The entire archive was laid out on these sheets - church books that had been collected over more than a hundred years; the sheets were then taken by the corners, carried outside, and loaded onto the wagons.  This archive included the document that Katherine the Great and Frederick the Great had both personally signed regarding the release of the Mennonites from Prussia and their admission to Russia."

Susan's final reference to this event was provided in her letter of July 21st, 1929 in which she states,

"The veterinarian has moved into the Peter Kornies building, and the two ladies are still living in the Chancellery, who knows for how long yet,..."

Deutsch:

Die Töws Familie in Ohrloff waren Nachbarn von Peter Cornies. Ein bedeutendes Ereignis dass diese Cornies Familie betraf wurde von Susanna Töws in drei Briefen an ihren Bruder, Gerhard, in Kanada dokumentiert.

Anmerkung: Wie in einer früheren Post schon erwähnt, wurden Teile Susannas Briefe später vom Historiker John B. Toews übersetzt, bearbeitet und zusammengestellt und im Jahr 1988 von Bethel College, North Newton, Kansas veröffentlicht. Das Buch hat den Titel "Letters from Susan", und ist On-line zugänglich, sehe,

 http://mla.bethelks.edu/books/wedel_series/letters_from_susan.pdf

Die Einzelheiten dieser Geschichte wurden durch mündliche Überlieferung in den Erinnerungen der Töws Familie behalten und von Generation zu Generation weitergegeben, zuletzt noch zu Susannas GroßNichten, Katharina Petker und Antonina Lammert. Katharina hat die folgende Zusammenfassung zur Verfügung gestellt.

In einem Brief von 21.05.1929 schrieb Susan,

"Hier ist in den letzten Wochen sehr viel passiert, aber nichts Erfreuliches. Carfreitag gegen Abend, als wir den vorigen Brief eben abgeschickt hatten, bekamen Peter Corniesen die Nachricht, dass sie innerhalb 5 Tage von Haus und Hof [weg] sein sollten, mit einem Wort gesagt, sie wurden fortgejagt. Da war denn Ostern letzten Feiertag großer Ausruf, haben alles verkauft und auch sehr gut eingenommen, dann sind sie des andern Tages abgefahren nach Memrik.

Die Tanten aus der Kanzlei sollen auch bald fort, da hat es schon viel Schererei gegeben wegen ihren Möbeln, welche sie im zweiten Stock haben, denn das Pöbel sagt, dass die Sachen Cornies gehören, der oberste Stock und das ganze Wohngebäude sind alle verriegelt.".

Dann, am 11.06.1929, schrieb Susan wieder,

"Gestern haben drei Fuhrwerke das Archiv von Cornies nach Halbstadt gebracht."

Der Verlust von diesen unersetzlichen Aufzeichnungen war eine Tragödie für die gesamte Ohrloffer Gemeinschaft und die Einzelheiten ihrer Abholung wurden Jahrzehnte lang in der Töws Familie widerholt. Die Erzählung, was passiert ist, sowie es von den lebenden Nachkommen erwähnt war, ist die folgende von Katharina geschrieben,

"Paar Leute kamen herein und sagten der Hausfrau sie soll zwei Bettlaken auf dem Boden ausbreiten. Auf diese Laken wurde das ganze Archiv gelegt- Kirchenbücher, die über hundert Jahre angesammelt wurden, die Laken wurden dann an die Zipfel genommen, hinausgebracht und in die Fuhren geladen .
Im selben Archiv befand sich auch das Dokument, welches Katharina die Große und Friedrich der Große beide eigenhändig unterschrieben hatten wegen Entlassung aus Preußen und Aufnahme der Mennoniten in Rußland."

Susannas letzter Hinweis auf diese Geschichte wurde in ihrem Brief von 21.07.1929 geschildert,

"In Pet. Kor. ihr Gebäude da ist der Vieharzt hineingezogen, und in der Kanzlei da hausen die Tanten noch immer, wer weiß wie lange noch,..."

Friday, August 5, 2016

Correspondence between Johann Cornies (b. 1789) and his son Johann J. Cornies (b. 1812)

Dr. John Staples (State University of New York) has been kind enough to provide a translated letter between father and son from his research on the life of Johann Cornies (b. 1789).  Dr. Staples writes...

 "This was written about a year after Johann Jr.’s wife Justina Wilms (the step-daughter of Wilhelm Martens) died. Jr. was traveling in Prussia. The “Justina” mentioned in the letter was the daughter of Johann Jr. and Justina, who was left in the care of her grandmother while Johann Jr. was away. Johann Jr.’s son, also Johann, was left with his sister Agnes and her husband Philip Wiebe."

The letter is as follows...

Johann Cornies to Johann Cornies, Jr.


5 April 1847


My beloved son,

Your dear Mother caught a severe cold on Wednesday immediately after Easter and became ill. It was an illness that included severe diarrhea that quickly weakened her to such a degree that the doctor, who had been called immediately, could only provide a little relief but do nothing to cure her. She grew weaker and weaker and, to our great sorrow, departed for a better life at two o’clock in the afternoon of the fifth day of her illness, 30 March. She was buried in the Ohrloff community cemetery on 2 April.

As painful as the passing of our beloved mother is, we must remember, to our own great comfort, that the departed had experienced long years of repeated illness and prepared herself for this release with a steadfast Christian belief and that she went to sleep with peace in her soul.

I write to you out of fatherly love to give you support and consolation, but in the certain hope that you will accept God's unfathomable wisdom and not give yourself up to continuing, irrational sorrow and grief. ‘What God does is always well done.’ You know that Mother wanted you to make the journey to Prussia as much as I did. She encouraged me to write to you and grant you permission to travel even farther than Prussia. So do not despair. Carry out the purpose of your journey. May God grant you a quiet, peaceful heart and cheerful contentment! Time will lessen your pain little by little. This is the advice and the simple wish of your father who loves you with all his heart. Amen!

Your uncle and Klaassen, his travelling companion, arrived safely and in good health during the Easter holidays. All of us were pleased to hear that your health is good and that you were happy and in good spirits. He arrived just when spring seeding was beginning.

Your son continues to be healthy and well and is already wearing pants. This gives him a great deal of pleasure. Mrs. Martens, who was here for Mother's funeral, told me that Justina is well but did not want to bring her along because of the raw weather. I repeat, and cannot press it upon you sufficiently, that a good governess is absolutely essential for you, especially for little Johann. Very good qualities are revealing themselves in the boy. He is an eager child who understands his aunt quickly. She is giving him good direction. Almost all of the people who had known his great-grandfather say that your son resembles him entirely in regard to his features, characteristics and behaviour.

In conclusion, I ask you to give many hearty and sincere greetings to my beloved friend Johann Wiebe and his dear wife, and also to all the relatives and acquaintances who remember me with love. Your brother-in-law, sister and Uncle Klassen send greetings to you. Keep God in your sight and in your heart. This is the wish of your loving father, Johann Cornies.


From State Archive of the Odessa Region, 89-1-1260/39

Saturday, May 28, 2016

Comments and Questions from Dr. John Staples

Dr. John Staples writes the following and asks for specific information from our readers...

I found my way to this email address from your wonderful Cornies geneology website, but I'm not quite certain whom to address myself to.

My main purpose in writing is to thank you. I have been trying to figure out how to subscribe to, or post to, your site so I could express my thanks there, but I can't quite figure it out. 

As you may know, I'm a historian, and working on a biography of Johann Cornies (the 1789-1848 Johann). The project is pretty far advanced, and as I've been trying to pin down some of the details of the family history your site has helped me tremendously.

If I could figure out how to post I would offer a tidbit of information that doesn't appear on your site, suggest a source that doesn't seem to have been exploited by genealogists and ask a couple of questions:

1. My tidbit: the date of death of Maria Cornies, wife of Johann Martin Cornies. According to her son Johann, she was buried on the 17th of July, 1833 (Julian), or 29 July (Gregorian). He doesn't give the date of birth, but it was probably roughly 4 days earlier. (This comes from Transformation on the Southern Ukrainian Steppe: Letters and Papers of Johann Cornies. Volume I: 1812-1835, document 373, pp. 330-31). 

2. My untouched source: There is a large collection of papers from the family of Philip and Agnes Wiebe (Johann's daughter) in the Braun archive. These contain personal correspondence that has, as far as I know, never been looked at. I hope to have a close look at it later this summer, and if you are interested I'd be happy to let you know what I find.

3. Question 1: Does anyone know when Heinrich (b. 1806) died? This always get left blank.

4. Question 2: Does anyone know anything about Johann's wife, Agnetha nee Klassen? The author of the Halbstadt cloth mill, Johann Klassen, sometimes calls Johann "brother," and I'd love to know if he was Agnes' brother. I also wonder if the Ohrloff miller Klassen, for whom Johann worked briefly around 1807-08, might have been her father?

Thanks again for your site.

Best,
John

--
Dr. John Staples, Ph.D.
Department of History
State University of New York at Fredonia